Question: How Do Morality And Ethics Affect Decision Making?

What are the three stages in moral decision making?

Like Piaget, subjects were unlikely to regress in their moral development, but instead, moved forward through the stages: pre-conventional, conventional, and finally post-conventional.

Each stage offers a new perspective, but not everyone functions at the highest level all the time..

Why is reasoning so important in morality?

Moral reasoning applies critical analysis to specific events to determine what is right or wrong, and what people ought to do in a particular situation. … Indeed, the term moral dumbfounding describes the fact that people often reach strong moral conclusions that they cannot logically defend.

What factors influence decision making?

During the decision making process, there are four behavioral factors that influence the decisions we make. These behavioral factors are our values, our personality, the propensity for risk, and the potential for dissonance of the decision.

What are the 8 steps in ethical decision making?

Ethical Decision Making: an 8-step guideGather the facts.Define the ethical issues.Identify the affected parties.Identify the consequences.Identify the obligations.Consider your character and integrity.Think creatively about potential actions.Check your gut.

How do you know if a decision is ethical?

Making Ethical Decisions: A 7-Step PathConsider the reliability and credibility of the people providing the facts.Consider the basis of the supposed facts. If the person giving you the information says he or she personally heard or saw something, evaluate that person in terms of honesty, accuracy, and memory.

How does morality affect decision making?

A moral decision is a choice made based on a person’s ethics, manners, character, and what they believe is proper behavior. These decisions tend to affect not only our own well-being, but the well-being of others. … From this reasoning come two different types of morality: absolute morality and relative morality.

What is Preconventional moral reasoning?

During the preconventional level, a child’s sense of morality is externally controlled. Children accept and believe the rules of authority figures, such as parents and teachers, and they judge an action based on its consequences. … People now believe that some laws are unjust and should be changed or eliminated.

What factors affect ethical decision making?

Significant individual factors that affect the ethical decision-making process include personal moral philosophy, stage of moral development, motivation, and other personal factors such as gender, age, and experience.

What influences moral behavior?

In addition to the influence of parents and other significant adults, peers can also influence children’s moral behavior. Social expectations and norms of the peer group may influence children’s behavior. For instance, in high school there is sometimes the perception that cheating is prevalent.

What three things affect decision making?

There are several important factors that influence decision making. Significant factors include past experiences, a variety of cognitive biases, an escalation of commitment and sunk outcomes, individual differences, including age and socioeconomic status, and a belief in personal relevance.

What are the 7 steps to ethical decision making?

1 – GATHER THE FACTS. □ Don’t jump to conclusions without the facts. … 2 – DEFINE THE ETHICAL ISSUE(S) … 3 – IDENTIFY THE AFFECTED PARTIES. … 4 – IDENTIFY THE CONSEQUENCES. … 5 – IDENTIFY THE RELEVANT PRINCIPLES,6 – CONSIDER YOUR CHARACTER &7 – THINK CREATIVELY ABOUT POTENTIAL.8 – CHECK YOUR GUT.More items…

How do emotions affect morality?

Emotions, in addition to rational thinking, influences the way we make moral judgment and decisions. Anxiety and empathy (and being sober) tend to make us less willing to sacrifice one to save many. Disgust and anger make us harsher judges and punishers of moral wrong-doing.

What is an example of Postconventional morality?

Level 3 – Postconventional morality Postconventional morality is the third stage of moral development, and is characterized by an individuals’ understanding of universal ethical principles. These are abstract and ill-defined, but might include: the preservation of life at all costs, and the importance of human dignity.

What is a Postconventional morality?

Definition. Postconventional morality, a concept developed largely by psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg, identifies the ethical reasoning of moral actors who make decisions based on rights, values, duties, or principles that are (or could be) universalizable.

Is morality based on reason?

The real story is that “morality… is more properly felt than judg’d of” (T 3.1. 2.1). Reason and experience are required for determining the likely effects of a given motive or character trait, so reason does play an important role in moral judgment. Yet reason’s role is subordinate.

What are 10 factors which influence your ethical decision making process?

Many individual factors affect a person’s ethical behavior at work, such as knowledge, values, personal goals, morals and personality. The more information that you have about a subject, the better chance you will make an informed, ethical decision.

What are some examples of ethical decision making?

10 Great Examples of Ethical Decision Making In BusinessCostco’s Decision To Pay Fair Wages. … Volkswagen’s Strategy to Reduce its Workforce Without Layoffs. … Best Buy’s Commitment to Sustainability. … Woolworth’s gets out of liquor and gambling. … CVS Health Stops selling tobacco. … Chick-fil-A Pays for Employee Education. … McDonald’s invests in Employee Skills and Animal Rights.More items…•